Сериальное издание : Russian Geology and Geophysics
The gradual transition of the Bazhenov Formation top into the overlying deposits makes it difficult to establish its upper boundary. The problem is aggravated by the lack of core material when the formation is recognized according to the results of geophysical well studies. A comprehensive analysis of geochemical and lithological data and the results of geophysical well surveys enabled us not only to detennine the specific structure of the transitional zone from the Bazhenov Formation top to the rocks of the sub-Achimov member, but also to propose the criteria for delineating the upper boundary in the central regions of the West Siberian sedimentary basin within the Khentei hemianteclise, the South Nadym megamonoclise and the Mansi syneclise. Four members are distinguished in the transitional zone of the studied well sections (from bottom to top), which differ in lithological, geochemical and geophysical characteristics: (I) the "coccolithic" upper part of the Bazhenov Formation; (II) transitional member from the upper part of the Bazhenov Formation to the bottom of the sub-Achimov member; (III) transitional member from the bottom of the sub-Achimov member to its lower part; and (IV) the lower part of the sub-Achimov member. Member II is virtually not distinguished within the Khentei hemianteclise and the South Nadym megamonoclise. Member III contains the boundary between zones with different redox conditions. In case member II is distinguished, the upper boundary of the Bazhenov Formation corresponds to its top. To recognize the Bazhenov Formation top, it is necessary to use the integrated analysis results of the lithological and geochemical studies of the well core, and logging data (gamma-ray logging, neutron gamma-ray logging and its variations, lateral logging, and induction logging) when focusing attention mainly on radioactivity.